Wielkanoc, Pascha, Niedziela Wielkanocna, Zmartwychwstanie Pańskie — najstarsze i najważniejsze święto chrześcijańskie upamiętniające zmartwychwstanie Jezusa Chrystusa. Poprzedzający ją tydzień, stanowiący okres wspominania najważniejszych dla wiary chrześcijańskiej wydarzeń, nazywany jest Wielkim Tygodniem. Ostatnie trzy doby tego tygodnia: Wielki Czwartek (wieczór), Wielki Piątek, Wielka Sobota i Niedziela Zmartwychwstania znane są jako Triduum Paschalne (Triduum Paschale). W chrześcijaństwie wprawdzie każda niedziela jest pamiątką zmartwychwstania Chrystusa, ale Niedziela Zmartwychwstania jest z nich najbardziej uroczysta.
Easter (Old English: Ēostre; Greek: Πάσχα, Paskha; Aramaic and Hebrew: פֶּסחא Pasḥa,) is the central feast in the Christian liturgical year. According to the Canonical gospels, Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion. His resurrection is celebrated on Easter Day or Easter Sunday (also Resurrection Day or Resurrection Sunday). The chronology of his death and resurrection is variously interpreted to be between AD 26 and 36, traditionally 33.
The business began in 1940, with a restaurant opened by brothers Richard and Maurice McDonald in San Bernardino, California. Their introduction of the «Speedee Service System» in 1948 established the principles of the modern fast-food restaurant. The original mascot of McDonald’s was a man with a chef’s hat on top of a hamburger shaped head whose name was «Speedee.» Speedee was eventually replaced with Ronald McDonald by 1967 when the company first filed a U.S. trademark on a clown shaped man having puffed out costume legs.
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McDonald’s first filed for a U.S. trademark on the name McDonald’s on May 4, 1961, with the description «Drive-In Restaurant Services,» which continues to be renewed through the end of December 2009. In the same year, on September 13, 1961, the company filed a logo trademark on an overlapping, double arched «M» symbol. The overlapping double arched «M» symbol logo was temporarily disfavored by September 6, 1962, when a trademark was filed for a single arch, shaped over many of the early McDonald’s restaurants in the early years. The famous double arched «M» symbol in use today did not appear until November 18, 1968, when the company filed a U.S. trademark.
Sir Charles Spencer «Charlie» Chaplin, KBE (16 April 1889 – 25 December 1977) was an English comic actor, film director and composer best-known for his work during the silent film era. He became one of the most famous film stars in the world before the end of the First World War. Chaplin used mime, slapstick and other visual comedy routines, and continued well into the era of the talkies, though his films decreased in frequency from the end of the 1920s. His most famous role was that of The Tramp, which he first played in the Keystone comedy Kid Auto Races at Venice in 1914. From the April 1914 one-reeler Twenty Minutes of Love onwards he was writing and directing most of his films, by 1916 he was also producing them, and from 1918 he was even composing the music for them. With Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and D. W. Griffith, he co-founded United Artists in 1919.
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (Russian: Ю́рий Алексе́евич Гага́рин, Russian pronunciation: [ˈjurʲɪj ɐlʲɪˈksʲeɪvʲɪtɕ ɡɐˈɡarʲɪn]; 9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968, was a Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on April 12, 1961. Gagarin became an international celebrity, and was awarded many medals and honours, including Hero of the Soviet Union. Vostok 1 marked his only spaceflight, but he served as backup to the Soyuz 1 mission, which ended in a fatal crash. Gagarin later became deputy training director of the Cosmonaut Training Centre outside Moscow, which was later named after him. Gagarin died when a training jet he was piloting crashed in 1968.